He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (German: Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand; 9 October 1735 – 10 November 1806) was the Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and a military leader. Until Valmy and Jena, Karl was considered a master of the warfare of the period. It was … The duke's body was provisionally laid to rest in Christianskirche in 1806. Brunswick, dukes of: see Charles William Ferdinand Charles William Ferdinand, 1735–1806, duke of Brunswick (1780–1806), Prussian field marshal. Albert of Prussia (German: Albrecht von Preussen; 17 May 1490 – 20 March 1568) was a German nobleman who was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights.Albert was the first European ruler to … Charles was born in Brunswick, the eldest son of Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg. Prince Frederick William of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was born in Braunschweig as the fourth son of Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Princess Augusta of Great Britain.He was the cousin and brother-in-law (from 8 April 1795) of his friend George IV, Prince Regent of the United Kingdom (from 1811).. In 1805, after his uncle, Frederick Augustus, Duke of Oels, had died childless, Fred… Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia: 2. , The subsequent French Invasion of Hanover and Convention of Klosterzeven of 1757 temporarily knocked Hanover out of the war (they were to return the following year). Charles Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (October 9, 1735 – November 10, 1806) was the Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and a military leader. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Duke Of Brunswick Luneburg de la plus haute qualité. He was also a recognized master of 18th century warfare, serving as a Field Marshal in the Prussian Army.  In his youth he travelled in the Netherlands, France and various parts of Germany.  He was the first-born son of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and his wife Philippine Charlotte. The Duchy of Brunswick within the German Empire. The younger daughter, Caroline of Brunswick, was married in 1795 to her first cousin, the future George IV of the United Kingdom, and bore him a daughter, the ill-fated Princess Charlotte of Wales. He is buried in the crypt at Brunswick Cathedral in Brunswick, Duchy of Brunswick, now in Lower Saxony, Germany.  The wedding was completed, but as a result of these machinations the prince remained in Britain for only thirteen days. This made him hugely popular in the duchy. William was the second son of Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and after the death of his father in 1815, was under the guardianship of King George IV of the United Kingdom.He became a Prussian major in 1823. Prince George William (25 March 1915 – 8 January 2006); married 1946, Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark(26 June 1914 – 24 November 20… 4 (11th ed.). The Duke was less successful against the French citizens' army that met him at Valmy.  The Convention Army was kept in captivity until the war ended in 1783. As he had no heir, the ducal throne should have passed to Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland. He was the fourth son of German prince and Duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand and his wife Princess Augusta of Great Britain. In the course of the 19th-century history of Germany, the duchy was part of the German Confederation, the North German Confederation and from 1871 the German Empire. Both were decisive victories over the French, during which he proved himself an excellent subordinate commander. Karl Georg August, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover), service with the British armies in America, Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Frederika Luise Wilhelmine, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Maria Elisabeth Wilhelmine, Princess of Baden, Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen, Brunswick, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of, Text of the Proclamation of the Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, 1792, "BRUNSWICK-LÜNEBURG, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of", "Brunswick, Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "The Sesquicentennial of the Birth of Gauss", England expects that every man will do his duty, Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_William_Ferdinand,_Duke_of_Brunswick&oldid=995711119, Military leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars, German military leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars, Prussian commanders of the Napoleonic Wars, Military personnel killed in the Napoleonic Wars, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Declared an invalid; Excluded from line of succession, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:00. The Duke's forces entered the Netherlands on 13 September and occupied Nijmegen that day. The duke and his wife Augusta had four sons and three daughters. Albert became Duke of Prussia after paying feudal homage to his cousin, the King of Poland, Zygmunt August, on July 19, 1569 in Lublin. After inheriting the small, debt-ridden duchy in 1780, Charles set out to reform his territories. It was later transferred for reburial in Brunswick Cathedral on 6 November 1819. He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family. , His initial advance into France was slowed by poor weather, the rough terrain of the Forest of Argonne, and an outbreak of dysentery among his troops.. In large part, the manifesto had been written by Louis XVI's cousin, Louis Joseph de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, who was the leader of a large corps of émigrés in the allied army. Duke of Prussia. The couple were second cousins to each other, being great-grandchildren of George I of Great Britain. Burgoyne was defeated in the Battles of Saratoga (1777), and his troops were taken captive as the Convention Army. The royal houses of the former Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg had traditionally married within the family, to avoid further division of their family lands under Salic law. Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel: 10. The elder daughter, Auguste Caroline Friederike (1764–1788), was the wife of the future king Frederick I of Württemberg and mother of the future William I of Württemberg. Anonymous 1780 copy of a portrait painted in 1777 or earlier by, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Significant civil and political events by year. William V was restored to power, which he was to hold until 1795. He was the son of Duke Ernest Ferdinand of Brunswick-Bevern (1682-1746) and his wife, Eleanor Charlotte of Courland. Frederick William II of Prussia appointed him as commander of a 20,000-strong Prussian force which was to invade the United Provinces of the Netherlands (The Dutch Republic). Cambridge University Press. In Paris, Louis XVI was generally believed to be in correspondence with the Austrians and Prussians already, and the republicans became more vocal in the early summer of 1792. The Duke of Cumberland proclaimed himself Duke of Brunswick at the Duke's death, and lengthy negotiations ensued, but were never resolved. Duke von Brunswick, November 1st, 1913 (abdicated: November 8th, 1918); Head of the Royal Family of Hanover, November 14th, 1923 HI & RH Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor August Ernst Crown Prince of the German Empire and of Prussia ("Willy") Having secured Longwy and Verdun without serious resistance, he turned back after a mere skirmish in Valmy, and evacuated France. Robinson, ed., Readings in European History 2 vols.  He also received credit for the low number of casualties; one British observer suggested that "the sap of the trees was the only blood shed" (an exaggeration), referring to the wooden palisades and batteries constructed by both sides. Send to a friend *: *: * Horsemen of the Napoleonic Wars. by lodging the prince at Somerset House, instead of one of the royal palaces; not providing him with a military guard; and instructing the servants at the wedding to wear old clothes.  The Patriots were out-manoeuvred and overwhelmed: their militias were unable to put up any real resistance, were forced to abandon their insurrection, and many Patriots fled to France.. Trouvez les Duke Of Brunswick Luneburg images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. On two occasions (1806 and 1818–19), her husband made serious efforts to divorce her on grounds of adultery, forming commissions of inquiry to indict her, and after he became king, he in fact caused the House of Lords to pass a bill of divorce citing adultery with an Italian commoner. Coup d’ Etat of Brumaire was the plan for Napoleon and two other radicals to be given power from the Council of Five Hundred by bribing and intimidating the council.  He was declared incapacitated and was excluded from the succession. As the king of Prussia took the field with Brunswick's army, the duke felt bound as a soldier to treat his wishes as actual orders. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. The fourth son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Ferdinand joined the Prussian army as a colonel in 1740. In 1766 they went to France, where they were received by both his allies and recent battlefield enemies with respect. Charles William Ferdinand of Brunswick, German Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, (born Oct. 9, 1735, Wolfenbüttel, Lower Saxony [Germany]—died Nov. 10, 1806, Ottensen, near Hamburg), duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, Prussian field marshal, and an enlightened ruler. Trouvez les Marie Of Prussia images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. The (eldest) prince, chubby and fat, almost blind, strange and odd - if not to say an imbecile - attempts to imitate his father but only makes himself artificial and unpleasant. In January 1938, Friederike married the future King Paul I of the Hellenes.  They entered The Hague on the 20th, from which the Patriots had been forced to withdraw following a loyalist insurrection on the 17th. Wilhelm died at Sibyllenort Castle in Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia now in Szczodre, Poland, on October 18, 1884. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden: 6. The Duke of Brunswick was the Prussian leader of the Allied armies of Perssia and Austria. 100% Gluten Free Call 8410 7079 207 Gilbert Street Adelaide, SA 5000 Their eldest son, Karl Georg August (1766–1806) was named heir apparent, but suffered from a significant learning disability and was regarded as "well-nigh imbecile. , The duke also fathered at least one bastard, Forstenburg, who was healthy and began a promising military career before being killed in action during 1793.. Duke of Brunswick Prussia 1806.  Peace was restored in 1763.  Amsterdam, the last city occupied by the Patriots, surrendered on 10 October. Albert Frederick (German: Albrecht Friedrich; Polish: Albrecht Fryderyk; 7 May 1553 – 28 August 1618) was the Duke of Prussia, from 1568 until his death.He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg.He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family. He […] He succeeded his father as sovereign prince of the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, one of the princely states of the Holy Roman Empire.  The league was successful in forcing the Austrian Joseph II to back down, and thereafter became obsolete. However, that wealth and privilege doesn’t shield one from hardship and tragedy. It has been asserted that the manifesto was in fact issued against the advice of Brunswick himself; the duke, a model sovereign in his own principality, sympathized with the constitutional side of the French Revolution, while as a soldier he had no confidence in the success of the enterprise.  Frederick II praised the prince personally for his conduct during the war.. Albert Frederick (German: Albrecht Friedrich; Polish: Albrecht Fryderyk; 7 May 1553 – 28 August 1618) was the Duke of Prussia, from 1568 until his death.He was a son of Albert of Prussia and Anna Marie of Brunswick-Lüneburg.He was the second and last Prussian duke of the Ansbach branch of the Hohenzollern family.. Duke of Prussia. , In 1764, shortly after the Seven Years' War had ended, he travelled to London (landing at Harwich) to marry Princess Augusta. Albert became Duke of Prussia after paying feudal homage to his cousin, the King of Poland, Zygmunt August, on July 19, 1569 in Lublin.  During their travels the couple also met Pietro Nardini and in 1767 the prince had his portrait painted by Pompeo Batoni. I never saw him, as he served with his regiment. Ernest Augustus, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick (18 March 1914 – 9 December 1987); married (1) 1951, Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (19 December 1925 – 6 February 1980), and had issue; and (2) 1981, Countess Monika zu Solms-Laubach(8 August 1929 – 4 June 2015). Additionally, the manifesto threatened the French population with instant punishment should they resist the Imperial and Prussian armies, or the reinstatement of the monarchy. The Duke and Duchess of Brunswick had five children: 1.  The longest stop on their travels was Rome, where they remained for a long time exploring the antiquities of the city under the guidance of Johann Winckelmann. Frederick Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (5 April 1729 in Brunswick 27 April 1809 in Glücksburg), was a member of the House of Guelph. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was cousin, and from 1795 the brother-in-law of George IV, who was Prince Regent of the United Kingdom from 1811. Robinson's Note: Both of them were married to future kings, both made extreme failures of their marriages, both had extremely acrimonious relations with their husbands, and both were accused by them of similar faults: adultery, uncouth behavior, absence of dignity, falsehood and utter fecklessness. Albert became Duke of Prussia after … By the time, Brunswick-Lüneburg had consolidated back into two states, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover). Although the terms of surrender allowed the Convention Army to give their parole and return to Europe, the American Continental Congress revoked the convention. Desc: Albert of Prussia was a German nobleman who was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. (Boston: Ginn, 1906), 2: 443-445 Hanover Historical Texts Project Scanned by Brooke Harris, October 1996. Caroline died three weeks after she was physically prevented from entering Westminster Abbey to participate in her husband's coronation. Trouvez les Victoria Louise Princess Of Prussia images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. Just as in 1792 the King of Prussia, by now Frederick William III, accompanied the army, but he was less forceful than his predecessors, and was unable to impose a single strategy on his two commanders (Brunswick …  (Wolfenbüttel had been the capital since 1432.) He joined the Prussian … He joined the Prussian army in 1789 as a captain … Charles William Ferdinand was part of the allied Anglo-German force at the Battle of Minden (1759), and the Battle of Warburg (1760). Life.  He continued to serve in the army commanded by his uncle for the remainder of the war, which was generally successful for the north German forces. In August 1784 he hosted a secret diplomatic visit from Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach (Goethe was a member of Karl August's entourage). Part IV . He is said to be quite strict, but a good father of the nation who attends to the needs of his people. he was a Danish field marshal and also the last Duke of Brunswick-Bevern. In 1787 the Duke was made Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal) in the Prussian army. She was the Princess of Wales from 1795 to 1820.. The Brunswick Manifesto seemed to furnish the agitators with a complete justification for the revolt that they were already planning. Cumberland was recalled to Britain and the remaining allied north-German forces were placed under the command of Ferdinand of Brunswick, brother of Charles I, who easily persuaded his nephew Charles William Ferdinand to renew his military service as a general officer.. This Fürstenbund (League of Princes) was formally announced in 1785, with the Duke of Brunswick as one of its members and commander of its military forces. On 8 November 1918, he was forced to abdicate his throne along with the other German kings, grand dukes, dukes, and princes. As a result, in 1773 Charles William Ferdinand was given a major role in reforming the economy. The visit was disguised as a family visit, but was in fact to discuss the formation of a league of small- and mid-sized German states as a counterbalance within the Holy Roman Empire to Habsburg Monarchy's ambitions to trade the Austrian Netherlands for the Electorate of Bavaria. , When the American Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, Charles William Ferdinand saw an opportunity to replenish the state's treasury by renting its well-trained army to Great Britain. The children of Charles Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Princess Augusta of Great Britain. Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was born in Germany as Friedrich Wilhelm on 9 October 1771. This provoked the Parisians to storm the Tuileries and humiliate the royal family. His avowed aim was: to put an end to the anarchy in the interior of France, to check the attacks upon the throne and the altar, to reestablish the legal power, to restore to the king the security and the liberty of which he is now deprived and to place him in a position to exercise once more the legitimate authority which belongs to him. The Duke of Brunswick is also the maternal grandfather of Queen Sophia of Spain and the former King Constantine II of Greece. Though he was Frederick II the Great’s nephew and favourite disciple, Charles proved to be less than successful in his military career, being defeated by Revolutionary France at Valmy (1792) and at Auerstädt (1806), at which time the whole Frederician military-political system collapsed and Prussia became a French dependency. , The duke's combination of interest in the well-being of his subjects and habitual caution led to a policy of gradual reforms, a successful middle way between the conservatism of some contemporary monarchs and the over-enthusiastic wholesale changes pursued by others. Proofread by Angela Rubenstein, February 1997. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden: 13. The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire. Despite being over 70 years old, the Duke of Brunswick returned to command the Prussian army at the personal request of Louise, Queen of Prussia.. The couple's third son was August (1770–1822). Royals are known for living lives of wealth and privilege and that is true. His titles are usually shortened to Duke of Brunswick in English-language sources. The couple next proceeded to Switzerland, where they met Voltaire. Frederick, Prince of Wales: 5. As a result, in 1773 Charles William Ferdinand was given a major role in reforming the economy. He was carefully educated with a view to a military career, and in his twentieth year he was made chief of a newly-raised Brunswick regiment in the Prussian service.  In 1753 his father moved the capital of the principality back to Brunswick (German: Braunschweig), the state's largest city. 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